Coca is the bush that grows in the Andes Mountains of South America, but is also found in other South American countries. Cocaine is the active chemical in the coca plant. People living in the Andes used coca leaves for energy and endurance. They also made the psychoactive effects stronger by adding calcified lime to raise the alkalinity inside the mouth. This increases the extraction of the cocaine from the leaf and allows the drug to be absorbed into the blood supplying the mouth.
Cocaine abuse causes users to experience dilated pupils, increased body temperature, constricted blood vessels, increased heart rate and blood pressure. The euphoria felt by users is due to hyperstimulation, reduced fatigue and mental clarity. Other effects of cocaine abuse include restlessness, irritability, and anxiety.
Cocaine abuse continues to be a problem that plagues our nation. In 1997, for example, an estimated 1.5 million Americans age 12 and older were chronic cocaine users. Although this is an improvement over the 1985 estimate of 5.7 million users, we still have a substantial distance to go in reducing the use of this addictive stimulant. Science is helping. For example, we now know more about where and how cocaine abuse takes place in the user’s brain, including how the drug produces its pleasurable effects and why it is so addictive.
Cocaine abuse effects take place almost immediately after the user has ingested the drug. This drug produces intense, but short-lived, euphoria in users and makes them feel more energetic. Research indicates that a psychological dependency may develop after just a single dose of high potency cocaine. As the person develops a tolerance to cocaine, higher and higher doses are needed to produce the same level of euphoria.
Cocaine abuse treatment is a vital step in the recovery process. However, there is a lot more to treatment than getting the individual to stop taking drugs. They also need to learn the tools necessary to avoid cocaine in the future once they leave treatment. Another area that is addressed in treatment is how to live day to day life without feeling the need to use cocaine to solve one’s problems. Cocaine abuse treatment helps to restore the individual to their pre-cocaine using days and guides them to become a productive and functioning part of their family, workplace, and community.
Cocaine abuse treatment is known to substantially improve an individual’s prospects for future employment. Gains of up to forty percent have been show after a cocaine abuser attends treatment. In the end, an individual’s success in treatment greatly depends on three key elements. The first is the extent and nature of the individual’s cocaine abuse problem. The second is the proper fit of the treatment facility with the individual’s recovery needs. The third element is the individual’s involvement in their chosen cocaine abuse treatment program.
Cocaine abuse treatment is the most effective way of recovering from one’s cocaine abuse problem. Cocaine abuse is a significant drug threat in the United States. Often, it is easily accessible to drug abusers and constitutes for a large number of violent crimes. Because cocaine transportation and export are such a large problem in the U.S. the need for cocaine abuse treatment is ever increasing.
Cocaine addiction can take hold of an user in less than 2 weeks. Some research indicates that a psychological dependency may develop after a single dose of high potency cocaine. As the person develops a tolerance to cocaine, higher and higher doses are needed to produce the same level of euphoria.